Classic Urban Harmony, LLC

"We Take You Back In The Day"





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  Mills Brothers Society

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Presentation and Event Photo Album

    Charlie's Bio

    Pam's Bio


    Responses to
    our Presentations

    Articles & Press
    About Us

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    Articles by Us

[New!]Wally Osborne & Starfires

Satan & the Angels - Blue Eyed Soul

Tony Talent & the Coalitions

Golden Bells & Contessas

Sweet Delights

Sammy Strain & the Imperials, 1964 -, Part 4 in the series

Sammy Strain & the Imperials, 1961 - 1963 Part 3

Sammy Strain & the Fantastics Part 2

Sammy Strain & the Chips Part 1

Asbury Park Vocal Groups Pt. 2

Asbury Park Vocal Groups, Pt.1

Philly's Original Capris

Little Jimmy & The Tops

Teddy & Twilights, Deckers

Groups from Philly's Francisville - Belltones, Joe Cook's Thrillers, Royal Demons, Madison Brothers

Sensations - Part 1

Sensations - Part 2

Johnny Maestro, the Crests & Brooklyn Bridge

Johnny Stiles & the Medallions on Essex

The Plurals

The Vic Donna Story

Orioles' Deborah Chessler

Tyrone & the Nu-Ports

Windy City Harmony: Calvaes, Blenders & Accents

        The Del Larks

Richard Barrett Part 1: The Valentines

Richard Barrett
Part 2:
Frankie Lymon & Teenagers

Richard Barrett
Part 3: The Chantels, Clickettes,
Fashions Veneers

Richard Barrett
Part 4:

Little Anthony & Imperials

Richard Barrett
Part 5: Lewis Lymon
Teenchords Jimmy Castor & Juniors

Richard Barrett
Part 6: The Channels,
Isley Bros, Del Knights

Richard Barrett Part 7: The 3 Degrees, Showmen

    Visit Our

Our Photo Gallery:
Our Musical Family

Our Photo Gallery:
CUH Archives

Renovations to the Classic Urban Harmony Library

    Concert Reviews,
    Photos & Events

bullet [New!]Choice at Roxy & Dukes
bullet [New!]Philly Ringtones at Franklin Township Library
[New!]Curators Talk, Spirituals to Soul Exhibit
bullet [New!]Sonny Til's son & grandson visit Classic Urban Harmony Headquarters
bullet [New!]Re-MedmberThen at Roxy & Dukes
bullet [New!]Quiet Storm at Roxy & Dukes
bullet [New!]Spirituals to Soul Museum Exhibit, Freehold
bulletVelvet Candles in Barcelona, Spain
bulletFilming Doo Wop Documentary
bullet2015 Portsmouth VA Gospel Concert
bullet Monmouth University West Side Music Exhibit
bulletAsbury Park West Side Music Exhibit Monmouth University - Set Up
bulletAsbury Park West Side Music Exhibit, Heaven Gallery
bullet2014 Philly Doo Wop Festival
bulletTNT with Vic Donna Group & Charlie Horner
bulletAsbury Angels 2014, Bobby Thomas
bulletRichard Nader Doo Wop Concert XXV
bullet2014 Portsmouth VA Gospel Concert
bullet Billy Vera Big Band at the Cutting Room NYC
bullet VGHA Extravaganza III
bullet Asbury Park Gospel Explosion

African American
Museum Philadelphia
Gospel Awards Ceremony

bullet Ray Goodman & Brown in Plainfield
at NJ Doo Wop Singers Club 2013

bulletEncounters at Somerset Run
bulletRichard Nader's Doo Wop Celebration XXVI
2013 Asbury Angels Plaque Dedications
bullet VGHA Acappella Extravaganza II
bullet2013 New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival
bullet Time Capsule Show 50th Anniversary
2013 Portsmouth, VA Gospel Concert
at Manchester, NJ

at New Providence Library

bulletJohn Moore's Middle Room Records Closes
bulletLittle Isidore in Fair Lawn, NJ
bulletNJ Doo Wop Singers Club Jan 2013
bulletCelebrating Asbury Park's West Side Harmony
bulletDoo Wop Singers Club 4th Anniversary
bulletChuck Berry Honored by the R&R Hall of Fame
bulletQuiet Storm at Somerset Run
bulletAsbury Angels 2012 Induction Ceremony
bullet2012 Philly Doo Wop Festival
bullet2012 Lead East
bulletTNT R&B and Doo Wop Party, Aug 2012
bulletPam Nardella's Frankie Lymon Tombstone BBQ
bullet Classic Urban Harmony Celebrates Vocal Harmony & the Masqueraders 50th Anniversary
bulletFrankie Lymon Tombstone Finds a New Home
bulletStormin Norman Seldin & Return of Ray & Darchaes in Monmouth Beach NJ
bullet2012 Portsmouth VA Gospel Concert
bulletTNT North Jersey R&B and Doo Wop Party - 2nd Anniversary
bulletAcappella Extravaganza at Molloy College 2011
bulletDoo Wop Singers Club (NJ) Third Anniversary
bulletSoul of Asbury Park Concert
bulletMasqueraders Silver Star Competition
bullet6th Annual Philly Doo Wop Festival
bulletSouth Philly String Band Club After Party to 6th Philly Doo Wop Festival
bulletTymes' Norman & Peggy Burnett BBQ 2011
bullet2011 Lead East
bullet Morris Museum Acappella & Doo Wop Concert # Two
bullet Morris Museum Acappella Concert # One
bulletClassic Urban Harmony Presentation NJ Doo Wop Groups Part 2
bulletClassic Urban Harmony Presentation NJ Doo Wop Groups Part 1
bulletMorris Museum LaBamba & Quiet Storm Concert
bulletMorris Museum Jersey Rocks Exhibit Opening
bulletMorris Museum Jersey Rocks Launch Party
bulletEvening With Vocal Group Legends Concert
bulletRe-memberThen Finds Its Echo
bulletSteve Applebaum Tribute Concert
bulletWFDU Fundraiser, Teaneck, NJ March 2011
bullet Four J's Jimmy Testa Tribute & Benefit Concert
bulletVic Donna Group Rehearsal at CUH Headquarters
bulletPam & Charlie's 5th Anniversary Celebration - Multi Parts
bullet2010 Philly Doo Wop Festival
bullet"Doll Face" Musical Comedy
bulletNJ Doo Wop & Street Corner Harmony Association
bulletNick @ Nite Open Mic Night
bulletLeins Wedding
bullet"Fun-Raiser" at South Philly String Band Club
bulletRichard Nader’s Summer Doowop Reunion XXI
bulletPhilly Doo Wop Diner Mural
bulletMaking Crossroads 2
bulletCornerstone CD Release Party
bulletVirginia Legends of Gospel Concert
bulletS. Philly Stringband Club Jan 13, 2010
bulletRemembering Ronnie I. Concert Nov 2009
bulletPGHA's Heavenly Harmony XII Concert
bulletS. Philly Stringband
bulletFilming a Documentary
on Acappella
bulletAcappella Group Soul'D
Out on
Oct 2009
bulletBattleship New Jersey Dance & Concert
bulletWVLT Cruisin' 92.1 Concert
bulletTymes' Norman & Peggy Burnett 2009 BBQ
bullet2009 Charleston Beach Music & Shag Festival
bulletAcappella Group Choice at Franklin Township Public Library
bullet American Bandstand Studio Fundraiser
bulletAcappella at the South Philly String Band Club Revisited
bulletFour Man Trio at At Dover NJ's Attilio's Tavern
bulletNicky Addeo at Asbury Park's Wonder Bar
bulletASAP's First Acappella Concert
bulletAcappella at the South Philly String Band Club
bulletVisiting Radio's Past & Present at WDVR-FM
bullet Chicago SoulTrip USA
bulletR&R Hall
of Fame
Interview with
Orioles' Deborah

bulletSilhouettes' John Wilson Visits CUH World Headquarters
bulletNJ Doowop Group Harmony Club, 2009.
bullet New Years Eve 2008 with Nicky Addeo & Nite Owls
bullet 2008 European Road Trip: Deep River Quartet & Golden Gate Quartet
bullet 2008 Black Swan Burlington Concert
bullet 2008 Charleston Beach Music & Shag Festival
bullet Mills Bros,
Ink Spots
Beach Haven

bulletPhilly Doo Wop
Festival 2008

bullet Philly Doo Wop
Festival 2006


    In Tribute

bullet Dick Rietveld, Deep River Quartet
bullet Robert Murphy, Neighbors Complaint
bullet Walter McNeil, Gospel Nobleaires
bullet Jewel Akens, 4 Dots
bulletVirgil Johnson, Velvets
bulletCleotha Staples, Staple Singers
bulletDarlene McCrae, Cookies, Raeletts
bulletGregory Carroll, Four Buddies, Orioles, Dappers, Ink Spots
bulletJerome Ramos, Velours
bulletMickey "Guitar" Baker
bulletEarl Speedo Carroll, Cadillacs
bulletMajor Harris, Delfonics, Nat Turner Rebellion, R&B Soloist
bulletBilly Scott, Prophets
bulletCleve Duncan, Penguins
bulletDeborah Chessler, Songwriter,Mentor to the Orioles
bulletWilla Ward, Ward Singers, Gay Charmers
bulletBobby Thomas, Vibranaires, Vibes, V-Eights, Orioles
bulletJohn Jones, Moments Pleasure, Norristones, Copians
bulletChester Brown. The Counts
bulletJimmy Ellis, Trammps, Cordells, Exceptions
bulletJimmy Castor
bulletJack Scandura
bullet Cadillacs' Bobby Phillips
bulletBobby Robinson
bulletRobins' Grady Chapman
bullet Blue Notes' Roosevelt Brodie
bullet Moonglows' Harvey Fuqua
bulletCrests' & Brooklyn Bridge's Johnny Maestro
bulletDelroys' Reggie Walker
bulletSolitaires' & Vocaleers' Herman Dunham
bulletValentines' & Del-Knights' Eddie Edgehill
bulletChris Bartley
bulletSilhouettes' John Wilson
bulletLes Paul
bullet Castelles' Billy Taylor

    1950's R&B &
    Doo Wop


The Academics 


The Avalons


The Avons


The Blue Notes (original)


Claude Robinson & Creations


The 5 Embers


The Juveniles/ Twilights/ Embers


The Silhouettes

    1960's Soul

bulletThe Ad-Libs
bullet Jackson Five (Pre-Motown & Other Rarities)

    Carolina Beach Music

bullet The Poor Souls

    Modern Era
    Doo Wop Groups

bullet40 Years of Group Harmony: Ray Block's Photos of Vintage, Ad-Libs, Reunion, Bon-Aires, East River Drive
bulletYounger Dayz

    Gospel Groups

Angelic Gospel

bulletClaude Jeter & the Swan Silvertones

    Early Black
    Vocal Groups
    1870 -1930


The American
Jubilee Singers



The Dinwiddie Quartet

   History of


The 60th Anniversary of the Vinyl 45 RPM Single

    Rare Record

bulletHico Label

   Holiday Harmony

bullet Vocalaries' White Christmas
bulletPenguins' A Christmas Prayer
bulletDominoes' Christmas In Heaven
bulletCameos' Merry Christmas
bulletDrifters' White Christmas
Lonely Christmas


bullet Philadelphia Area Doo Wop & Acappella Groups
bulletBermuda Vocal Groups


Unknown Vocal Groups

     Great LINKS



The Avalons



The Tidewater area of Virginia (Norfolk, Suffolk, Portsmouth, Newport News, Hampton Roads, Virginia Beach) has long been a hotbed for quartet singing.  From it's roots with the Norfolk Jubilee Singers and Golden Gate Quartet to the Five Keys, the Avalons and Chateaus of the 1950's, the area has been known for it's great singers.

The Avalon's George Cox began singing during the late 1940's in Booker T. Washington High School's school choir, the same Norfolk high school attended years earlier by several members of the Golden Gate Quartet.  At the same time, he started a vocal group there called the Bob-O-Links.  Besides George, the group contains Bernard Branch, a fellow called Bachelor D. and a couple of other members whose names have been lost with time.  The Bob-O-Links soon landed their own weekly radio show on station WRAP, hosted by Bob King and aired every Saturday morning.

Meanwhile, across the river in Newport News, two other singing groups were attracting attention.  The Sentimental Four, a group that would eventually evolve into the Five Keys, consisted of two pairs of brothers, Rudy and Bernie West and Rafael and Ripley Ingram.  They added Edwin Hall as a fifth member.

A second Newport News group formed, initially consisting of Bernard Purdie, his brother-in-law Charles "Bobby" Crawley, Ulysses Hicks and George Leroy Harris.  At some point Maryland Pierce replaced Ulysses Hicks.  This group was at different times called the Chimes, the Four Bees and the Five Chimes.  It would eventually evolve into Encores and then be renamed the Avalons.

As is often the case with groups from the same locale, the Sentimental Four and Four Bees ended up exchanging members frequently.  This was not done intentionally.  It's just that when one singer found himself out of one group and another needed a singer, things happened.  Thus, at one time or another, Edwin Hall and Rafael Ingram sang in the Four Bees, while Ulysses Hicks and Maryland Pierce ended up in the Five Keys.

Thus the Encores ended up composed of James Dozier (tenor), George Cox (tenor), Bobby Crawley (baritone) and Bernard Purdie (bass).  In the early 1950's, the Encores joined the Silas Green tent show which took them into Canada for the first time.  Even after leaving Silas Green some months later, the Encores decided to remain in Canada, playing clubs there, mostly in Montreal and Quebec.

In 1955 the Encores acquired Fanny Wolff as manager and she got them a recording contract with RCA's Groove label subsidiary.  At Groove, the group would change its name to the Avalons and record the classics "Chain Around My Heart" and "It's Funny But It's True".



In 1955, the Avalons joined the Hortice Allen Dance Troop and toured Canada and the eastern United States.  In 1956, they joined the Raymon Bruce Rock & Roll Review that toured New Jersey with the Spiders, Sensations, Clovers, Gloria Mann and many other acts.  One of the most memorable shows was at the Stanley Warner Theater in Camden NJ on April 8, 1956.

The Avalons eventually left Canada for an extended gig at the Club Harlem in Atlantic City (NJ) with stars like Eartha Kitt, Billy Daniels and Richard Pryor. Meanwhile, songs that they had recorded both in Canada and the U.S. began finding their way onto vinyl.  "Hearts Desire," first released in Canada on the Sandryon label, was re-recorded and released on Unart.  It was to become their most endearing song.  Barry Golder and Jocko Henderson, who leased "Hearts Desire" to United Artists, also released "You Can Count On Me" on their own Casino label.



Sometime around 1959, Bobby Crawley left the Avalons while they were playing Atlantic City and was replaced by Huey Lewis.  Lewis was a friend who often traveled with the group, so he knew all the arrangements.

By the early 1960's the original Avalons had broken up.  George Cox formed a new Avalons group that recorded "Picture of You" on Ernest Kendricks and Viviane Green's Ken-Gren label.  The Avalons then changed their name to the Squires and released the George Cox composition, "Why Should I Suffer" for the Herald label.


(Label photo courtesy of George Frunzi)



During this period, the group joined the Leon Claxton Road Show and toured throughout the United States.  Claxton produced the black side show for the traveling Royal American Carnival.  The Royal American Carnival, one of the country's biggest traveling shows, maintained separate black and white shows for when they were in the segregated South.

When the Avalons broke up in the late 1960's, George Cox joined Bernard Purdie's New Century Platters.  Purdie had left the Avalons around 1960 and began singing with a Platters group.  He then formed his own New Century Platters consisting of Gene Moore, George Cox, Joe Odom, Laurie Anderson and himself.  Laurie Anderson, wife of Gary "U.S. Bonds" Anderson, was also Lucy Cedano of the Love Notes (Holiday label) and Lucy Rivera (End label). 

In the late 1970's George Cox left the New Century Platters to tour the Rock & Roll Revival Circuit with his own group, Cox, Wiggins and Moore.  After that, he sang with Ray Richardson's Ink Spots in Canada before rejoining Bernard Purdie's Salute to the Platters (Bernard Purdie, George Cox, Billy Lee Hughes and Laurie Anderson) in the 1980's.

Today George Cox, Rafael Ingram and Bobby Crawley have all passed away.  In 2006, James Dozier performed at the United In Group Harmony's Collector's Show, backed by the Four Dots.  On May 16, 2007 the Avalons reunited for a PBS Special in Elizabeth, NJ.  They sang "Heart's Desire".




James Dozier (backed by the Four Dots), UGHA 2006


Charlie, Pam and James Dozier (2006)


Avalons Singles Discography

As the Avalons

Groove 0141         – Chains Around My Heart / Ooh She Flew             2/56

Groove 0174         - It's Funny But It's True / Sugar Sugar               10/56

Sandryon 27503    - You Are My Heart's Desire / Dear One                    58

Unart 2007           - Hearts Desire / Ebbtide                                   12/58

Casino 108           - You Can Count On Me / You Do Something To Me    59

Ken-Gren 243        - Picture Of You / I Need Your Loving                      ca. 63

Bim Bam Boom 106 - You Can Count On Me / You Do Something To Me  (Reissue of Casino 108)   72

Casino 4064         - What's Wrong / You Do Something For Me            2003
                            (Side A unreleased Casino, Side B same as Casino 108)

As the Squires

Herald 580           - Why Should I Suffer / Walkin'                               63



Thanks to Ed Ainsley for his interview with George Cox.

For a more detailed article on the Avalons, follow our LINK Page to Marv Goldberg's R&B Notebook.


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